Volume 1, Number 1 (1-2013)                   JPR 2013, 1(1): 19-24 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Associated Professor PhD in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of public Health and Health Sciences Research Center
Abstract:   (11435 Views)
ABSTRACT Malaria is still the number one killer especially among young children and is responsible for one death per minute in the world. Overall,between 250-500 million cases of the disease occur worldwide causing more than one million deaths annually about 90% of which in children under five years of age. Although the spread of the disease is worldwide but it is seen mostly in tropical and subtropical regions of all continents and is more so in sub-Saharan Africa. Five parasite species transmitted by more than 70 potent Anopheles mosquito vectors are responsible for the occurrence of the disease and its spread. There have beenseveral approaches for malaria diagnosis, management and prevention as a whole and in children (as the most vulnerable group) in particular with various degrees of success. In this context works undertaken by international organizations such as Roll Back Malaria, Global Fund, UNICEF, as well as None for Profit international agencies and also at the national levels are promising in malaria control. However, drug and insecticide resistance, constraints in access to health care, poverty and the like are among the main challenges ahead. In this review paper the situation of malaria and its management measures with especial reference to children are discussed.
Full-Text [PDF 193 kb]   (2257 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Narrative Review | Subject: Other
Received: 2013/01/6 | Accepted: 2013/08/17 | Published: 2013/08/17