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1- Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences 2Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
2- Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences 2Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences , shafaat_arefeh@yahoo.com
3- Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
4- Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
5- Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences
6- Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
7- Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
8- Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (153 Views)
Background: Smoking in adolescence is a worldwide health problem. Understanding the prevalence of smoking and its clinical correlates in adolescent inpatients is useful for mental health workers to plan effective programs to reduce its detrimental consequences.
Objective: To investigate the prevalence and correlates of cigarette smoking and its socio-demographic and clinical correlates we performed a narrative review of cigarette smoking prevalence among adolescent in Iran and conducted a descriptive study in inpatients adolescents in this country.
Methods: This study was a multi centric cross-sectional, hospital-based survey. 82 patients (male/female: 66.9% vs. 33.1%) were consecutively recruited from inpatient wards of 5 child and adolescent psychiatric wards of Iran. Data were collected from patients, their family members and patients’ medical records. Descriptive statistics, Pearson chi-square tests, and univariate logistic regression analyses were employed to analysis the data. Also, we added a narrative review understanding the prevalence of smoking and its clinical correlates in adolescent inpatients.
Results: The prevalence rate of smoking was 30% in our sample (24.5% in boys and 39.5 % in girls). There was a significant association between smoking with family size, history of suicide attempt, physical illness, drug misuse in patients, and alcohol or drug misuse in family members. Prevalence of mood disorders in our sample of non-smokers and smokers was 37.5% and 62.5% respectively. 26.6% had a history of suicide attempt that 52.9% of them were smokers.
Conclusion: Results of this study about the association between smoking with family size, history of suicide attempt, physical illness, drug misuse, and other related factors, suggest the need for both careful screening of smoking and specially designed integrated psychiatric/smoking treatments in these patients.  
Full-Text [PDF 755 kb]   (48 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Narrative Review | Subject: Pediatric Psychology
Received: 2018/02/14 | Accepted: 2018/10/1

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