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1- Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
2- Breastfeeding Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
3- Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran , sahebileila@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (43 Views)
Objectives: Preterm and low-birth-weight are of the most common causes of mortality and critical disabilities in newborns. The objective of study was to evaluate mortality and morbidity among very low birth weight (VLBW) and preterm neonates in Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Source: A systematic literature search was conducted in scientific databases to detect relevant studies of 1996 to 2016. Outcome estimates of odds ratios and proportions were pooled. Also meta-regression was explored.
Summary of finding: Meta prevalence of mortality among VLBW newborns were calculated 32.0%; it was heterogenic based on Asian or African countries (23% vs. 55%). Pooled odds ratio of mortality among VLBW newborns was estimated 2.41. The most prevalent comorbidity in VLBW and very preterm newborns allocated to septicemia (OR=1.73) and Neuro Developmental Delay (NDD), and the rarest belonged to Periventricular Leukomalacia (PVL) and Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) respectively.
Conclusion: It would seem that indicators in EMR should be evaluated independently in Asian and African countries. Septicemia, as relatively curable morbidity, is the most prevalent comorbidity among VLBW infants. 
Full-Text [PDF 1620 kb]   (16 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article |
Received: 2018/02/21 | Accepted: 2018/06/10 | Published: 2018/06/11

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