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1- Department of Persian Medicine, School of Persian Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Ziaeian Hospital, School of Medicine, International Campus, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Department of Persian Medicine, School of Persian Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , nejatbakhsh@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (239 Views)
Context: Nocturnal enuresis (NE) is intermittent involuntary voiding during sleep in a child aged five years or more without any other urinary tract symptoms. Pharmacological interventions are effective, but most children relapse after the medication is discontinued. Persian Medicine (PM), as a kind of complementary and alternative medicine, has effective herbal remedies to manage this disorder. The aim of this study was to introduce the most frequent medicinal plants used in Iranian Traditional Medicine (ITM) for treatment of NE in children.
Evidence Acquisition: In this study we tried to collect and classify the concepts related to nocturnal enuresis by checking out the old reliable Persian texts. Then the achieved information was compared with contemporary findings of published articles.
Results: NE is a well-known disorder in PM. Lifestyle modification in addition to herbal, animal and mineral medicines have been used to treat NE, however most remedies have focused on medicinal herbs. In our investigation 29 plants were obtained as the most frequent herbs for treatment of NE in children in ITM. These medicinal herbs were used alone or in combination with others in various forms. Most of them control NE with anticholinergic and antispasmodic effects. Through literature review, it was found that few studies have investigated the utilization of these plants in children with enuresis.
Conclusion: Despite the wide use of these herbs in PM, evidence of their effectiveness in children with enuresis is not strong and clinical trials and pharmacological tests are required to evaluate safety and efficacy of these herbal remedies.
 
Full-Text [PDF 933 kb]   (51 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Narrative Review | Subject: Traditional Medicine
Received: 2019/01/3 | Accepted: 2019/06/1

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