Accepted Articles                   Back to the articles list | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


1- Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2- Department Food and Drug Control, School of Pharmacy, Zanjan University of Medical Science
3- Department of Science, Islamic Azad University-Branch Sari
4- Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Faculty of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran , tavakkolisanib@mums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (89 Views)
Context: Children constitute a main target population for health literacy (HL) research. There is limited academic agreement and measurement regarding the knowledge and skills a child to make their own health decisions.
Objective: This review aims to find this gap by addressing an outline of current studies of HL in childhood, and to comprehend what available theories and models provide the needs and features of children. 
Data Source: Six databases such as Scopus, PubMed, and Cumulative Index to Nursing, Educational Resources Information Centre (ERIC), Web of Science, and Allied Health Literatures (CINAHL) were systematically searched using relevant keywords regarding HL and childhood up to July 2019.
Study Selection: Interventional and cross-sectional studies with main focuses on generic HL and relevant content for conceptualizing and defining HL in children were included.
Data Extraction: The Preferred Reporting Items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guide was used to design this review.
Results: Overall, 25 studies conceptualized and defined HL, and 8 definitions and 9 models have specifically focused on children aged 3-18 years. HL in children is defined as several main dimensions, each emerging as a collection of related ability, knowledge, and skills that allow an individual to derive at health promoting actions and decisions, and approach health data effectively. 
Conclusion: Identified models and definitions are very diverse, showing HL concepts are complex, multidimensional, and constructive. Health literacy has been conceptualized as an action qualification, with a main attention on individual attributes, and understanding its interrelationship with contextual and social factors. Life phase specialty is mostly conceptualized from leaving children’s specific needs, developmental viewpoint, susceptibilities, and social structures poorly synthesized within most definition and models.
Full-Text [PDF 1071 kb]   (29 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Systematic Review | Subject: Pediatric Psychology
Received: 2019/09/17 | Accepted: 2019/11/11

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Pediatrics Review

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb