Volume 8, Issue 2 (4-2020)                   J. Pediatr. Rev 2020, 8(2): 139-144 | Back to browse issues page

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Rahimzadeh G, Ekrami Noghabi M, Kadkhodaei Elyaderani F, Navaeifar M R, Enayati A A, Manafi Anari A, et al . COVID-19 Infection in Iranian Children: A Case Series of 9 Patients. J. Pediatr. Rev 2020; 8 (2) :139-144
URL: http://jpr.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-314-en.html
1- Pediatric Infectious Diseases Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
2- Department of Pediatrics, Bohlool Hospital, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
3- Taleghani Hospital, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Chalus, Mazandaran, Iran.
4- School of Public Health and Health Sciences Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
5- Ali Asghar children’s Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
6- Department of Microbiology and Virology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
7- Pediatric Infectious Diseases Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran. , rezai@mazums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (10804 Views)
Background: COVID‐19 is an acute infectious respiratory disease caused by a novel coronavirus. The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the infection a global pandemic. The incidence, severity, and prognosis of this disease are likely to be different in children compared with adults. Herein we present 9 pediatric patients with COVID-19 infection in Iran.
Case Presentation: We present 9 pediatric cases of COVID-19 admitted to different hospitals in Iran. Six patients were male. The youngest was two years old and the oldest one ten years. All children had at least one infected family member. Fever, chills, myalgia, cough, tachypnea, retraction, and crackle were common in all cases. None of our patients presented with diarrhea, vomiting, or a runny nose. Three cases had leukopenia and lymphopenia. COVID‐19 RNA was identified in three cases. In all cases, elevated C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were detected. Two cases had a high level of lactate dehydrogenase. All cases received supportive care and antibiotic therapy and were discharged within six days with a good general condition.
Conclusions: COVID-19 pneumonia prognosis is good in children with no underlying diseases. Our patients recovered without the need for LPN/r, ribavirin, or mechanical ventilation. 
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Type of Study: Case Report and Review of Literature | Subject: Pediatric Infectious Diseases
Received: 2020/03/13 | Accepted: 2020/03/13 | Published: 2020/04/1

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