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1- Department of Health Information Management, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Health Information Management Department, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Gastrointestinal Cancer Research Center, Non-communicable Diseases Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
4- Pediatric Infectious Diseases Research Center, Communicable Disease Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
5- Pediatric Infectious Diseases Research Center, Communicable Disease Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran. , drmsrezaii@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (160 Views)
Context: Rheumatic heart disease remains the prominent cause of morbidity and mortality among young people in developing countries.
Objective: We aimed to estimate the prevalence of rheumatic heart disease in Iran.
Data Sources: In this review, all population-based studies with a sample size of at least 500 participants related to the prevalence of rheumatic heart disease were included. The search was conducted in national and international databases. The combination of Medical Subject Headings and free term text items related to incidence, prevalence, rheumatic fever, rheumatic heart disease and Iran were used.
Study Selection: In this systematic review, 490 papers were identified. A total of 296 articles were screened, of which 9 qualified articles were selected. All studies were cross-sectional, and descriptive.
Data Extraction: Two authors used the data extraction form to independently extract relevant data from included studies. Disagreements between authors were reconciled through discussion and consensus.
Results: The overall prevalence of rheumatic heart disease was calculated 0.02% (20/100,000 population). Given that this prevalence rate is estimated based on studies conducted in northern, southern, eastern, western, and central regions of the country, therefore it could be an estimation of the prevalence in Iran. But there has been no updated and high-quality data. So, it can be concluded that the reported rate is likely to be underestimated.
Conclusions: There is a need for a nationwide survey to investigate the precise prevalence of rheumatic heart disease in Iran. This can be achieved by creating a national database of rheumatic heart disease.
Full-Text [PDF 599 kb]   (87 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Meta-analysis Review | Subject: Pediatric Infectious Diseases
Received: 2020/06/21 | Accepted: 2020/10/11 | Published: 2020/10/28

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