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1- Department of Nursing, Esfarayen faculty of medical sciences, Esfarayen, Iran.
2- Department of Biostatistics, Esfarayen faculty of medical sciences, Esfarayen, Iran.
3- Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, North of Khorasan university of Medical Sciences, North of Khorasan, Iran.
4- Department of Nursing, Esfarayen faculty of medical sciences, Esfarayen, Iran. , s.j.hoseini2016@gmail.com
Abstract:   (95 Views)
Context: Infantile colic (IC) is an important problem in infancy that is influenced by factors related to infants and parents. The parental factors associated with colic have not been comprehensively assessed.
Objective: The present study is a systematic review that was conducted to investigate the parental factors affecting the incidence of infantile colic.
Data Sources: Databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Science Direct, Google scholar, as well as Scientific Information Database (SID) and Magiran (Iranian websites) were searched to identify all eligible papers concerning parental factors affecting infantile colic incidence.
Study Selection: A total of 423 relevant articles published up to the end of December 2019 were assessed. The selected articles were screened based on eligibility criteria, and the irrelevant articles with investigation objectives were excluded. Subsequently, eighteen papers were thoroughly studied and related data were extracted.
Data Extraction: Two separate individuals performed the data extraction and quality assessment based on the STROBE checklist from the observational studies.
Results: Final articles consisted of ten prospective, six cross-sectional, and two case-control studies. Eventually, the effective factors were placed in six categories as follows: psychological factors, physical factors, taking medication, perinatal factors, family socioeconomic status, and maternal diet. The most important factors predisposing to IC were parental depression, anxiety, smoking, mother with history of migraine, young age, primiparity, low family support, high socioeconomic status, high-risk pregnancies and delivery, taking antibiotics, and consumption of celery, onions and bananas.
Conclusion: Various parental factors affect the incidence of colic. Identifying these risk factors and accurate planning can prevent and treatment IC incidence.
Full-Text [PDF 934 kb]   (48 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Systematic Review | Subject: Pediatrics
Received: 2020/08/28 | Accepted: 2020/10/28

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