Volume 9, Issue 4 (10-2021)                   J. Pediatr. Rev 2021, 9(4): 301-308 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Asadollahi S, Neamatzadeh H, Namiranian N, Sobhan M R. Genetics of Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease: A Review Study. J. Pediatr. Rev 2021; 9 (4) :301-308
URL: http://jpr.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-395-en.html
1- Diabetes Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
2- Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
3- Department of Orthopedics, School of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. , dr.msobhan@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1607 Views)
Background: Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease (LCPD), a juvenile hip disorder, is caused by impaired blood flow to the femoral head. In severe LCPD cases, the femoral head may develop a flattening deformity. Furthermore, if LCPD is diagnosed at the later stages, it causes early osteoarthritis of the hip. The etiology of LCPD is complex and embraces both genetic and epigenetic factors. 
Objectives: This review attempts to summarize the current knowledge on the role of these genetic variants in the incidence of LCPD.
Methods: We searched for articles published in English using the special related search terms.
Results: The genetic causes of this disease include mutations in the genes of thrombophilia factors, such as FV Leiden and anticardiolipin antibodies. The mutations of COL2A1, TRPS1, eNOS genes are the other causes. Moreover, the clinical symptoms of avascular necrosis may be indiscernible in patients with Gaucher’s disease or LCPD, and the differential diagnosis is a challenge.
Conclusions: The results indicated that genetic testing may be useful in diagnosing and managing patients with juvenile hip disorders.
Full-Text [PDF 462 kb]   (1049 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (595 Views)  
Type of Study: Narrative Review | Subject: Orthopedic surgery
Received: 2021/03/27 | Accepted: 2021/08/11 | Published: 2021/10/1

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Pediatrics Review

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb