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1- Assistant Professor, Department of Midwifery, School of Medicine, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran.
2- Assistant Professor, Iranshahr University of Medical Sciences, Iranshahr, Iran.
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Midwifery, Zeynab School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
4- Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5- Assistant Professor, Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.
6- Assistant Professor, Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran. ,
Abstract:   (141 Views)
Background: More than half of reproductive-age women experience dysmenorrhea, which can cause lower quality of life. The options for the treatment of dysmenorrhea are drug and alternative therapies. The tendency to use alternative therapies such as hypnotherapy has increased. This study aimed to carry out a narrative review to evaluate the effect of hypnosis on dysmenorrhea in adolescents.
Methods: EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar, PubMed, Cochrane library ProQuest and were searched up to 2021 using the following keywords “Dysmenorrhea”, “Hypnosis”. The quality of studies was assessed by Cochrane Collaboration’s tool and Risk of Bias In Non-randomized Studies- of Interventions (ROBINS-I) tool.
Results: 9 studies with a total sample size of 5203 participants were included. The hypnosis intervention similar to the drug therapy was demonstrated to be effective in reducing the intensity of dysmenorrhea and improving the quality of life of women. Dysmenorrhea pain scores in hypnosis and drug therapy groups were significantly lower than those at baseline, but pain scores in drug therapy group was significantly lower than those in hypnosis group.
Conclusion: Hypnosis could produce lasting pain relief compared to NSAID. It is therefore recommended that hypnosis as a complementary or alternative therapy reduce the intensity of dysmenorrhea in adolescent.
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Type of Study: Systematic Review | Subject: Pediatric Nephrology
Received: 2022/07/14 | Accepted: 2022/11/7

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