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1- Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
2- Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran. , siamakdabbaghzade@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (112 Views)
Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19, seventh coronavirus) is a new infectious disease that has spread rapidly around the world and taken on pandemic status very quickly. COVID‐19 is rare in children and is often asymptomatic. The respiratory system is involved in Covid19 infection.
Objectives: This study aimed to review respiratory manifestations in children with COVID-19.
Methods: We searched for studies published between January 2020 and January 2021, in PubMed, google scholar and Scopus in English. Words search were: 2019-nCoV or novel coronavirus, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2 or Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, children, child, infant, teenager, adolescent, pediatric and neonate.
Results: Cough was a common symptom in our study (18.8-100%, mean=64%). Pneumonia prevalence in children with COVID-19 is 11-67% (mean 46%) in our study. Mild respiratory symptoms (14%, 60%) and severe respiratory distress syndromes (14%) were reported in some studies. URTI (Upper Respiratory Tract Infection) was reported in 4 studies ranging from 11.1% to 34.4% (mean 24.1%) of patients. GGO was reported in 12.2% to 81% of cases (mean 49.01%). Isolated consolidations were reported in 17% and 58% of patients in two studies. Enhanced lung texture was reported in 1.3 to 50% (mean 20.07%) of patients. Bilateral patchy shadowing was seen in 12.3% to 68% (mean 46.58%) of patients.
Conclusion: Cough is the most common manifestation of respiratory system involvement in children with COVID-19. Ground‐glass opacities (GGO) and bilateral patchy involvement are the most common finding on lung CT scan in children with COVID-19.
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Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Infectious Diseases
Received: 2021/02/28 | Accepted: 2021/07/25

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