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1- Eye Research Center, Department of Eye, Amiralmomenin Hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
2- Eye Research Center, Department of Eye, Amiralmomenin Hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran. , rezamed1340@yahoo.com
3- Burn and regenerative Medicine Research Center, Guilan university of Medical sciences, Rasht, Iran.
Abstract:   (116 Views)
Context: Covid-19 was affected by epidemic in many ways and affected individuals. The presence of SARS-COV-2 in rupture and conjunctival secretion has been shown in the literature. In addition, a significant amount of literature has reported that ocular manifestations coincide with COVID-19. Our goal is to evaluate the effect of COVID-19 on the eye.
Evidence Acquisition: In this narrative study, we conducted a literature search with the keyword SARS-COV-2, COVID-19, nCOV-19, SARS, MERS and acute coronary heart disease syndrome in combination with eye, ocular, ophthalmologic, ophthalmic, conjunctivitis, conjunctiva, uveitis, optic, retina, retinitis, cornea, scleritis, and glaucoma in Lit Covid hub, PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Sciences, Cochrane and  Embase databases and studied the English non-review articles.
Results: The COVID-19 pandemic and its lockdown have caused major changes in people's lifestyles and health, and they have also affected medical performance in various fields, including ophthalmology. Then, according to our research, we summarized the findings in several areas, including:
1) The surface of the eye (conjunctivitis and cornea)
2) Intraocular manifestations (uveitis, retinitis)
3) Neurological features of the eye
4) COVID-related ocular coagulopathy (retinal vein occlusion)
5) Ophthalmological follow-up failure due to lockdown
6) Rare manifestations
7-Diagnostic and protective measure
In order to gather information about the ophthalmological experience during this epidemic respiratory viral infection, we reviewed the most relevant literature on the subject.
 Conclusion: It has been reported that a wide range of ocular manifestations and complications are associated with COVID-19 and its epidemic. Conjunctivitis is the most common ocular manifestation of COVID-19.
Full-Text [PDF 2053 kb]   (79 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Narrative Review | Subject: Ophthalmology
Received: 2021/05/28 | Accepted: 2021/08/25

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