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1- Associated Professor, Traditional and Complementary Medicine Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
2- M.Sc. Student of Intensive Care Nursing, Student Research Committee of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran ,
3- Infectious Disease Research Center with Focus on Nosocomial Infection, Department of Pediatrics, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
4- Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Abstract:   (314 Views)
Background: diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is not the most common acute complication of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents, But the cerebral edema caused by it is the most common cause of death in children with DKA.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature to describe of the Predisposing factors of cerebral edema in Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis.
Methods: sex international databases of Wiley, Medline, Scopus, web of science, ProQuest and Cochrane Library s, and three domestic databases, including SID, Magiran and Iranmedex were searched for relevant studies. Then, articles with inclusion criteria and related to the objectives of this study were reviewed.
Results: These studies have identified several risk factors for cerebral edema, some of which are related to the severity of the disease at admission and some of which are related to treatment.
Conclusion: Preventing DKA is the only reliable way to prevent cerebral edema until the causes of this life-threatening complication are fully understood.
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Type of Study: Systematic Review | Subject: Pediatrics
Received: 2021/07/25 | Accepted: 2021/09/22

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