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1- Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Medical Toxicology & Drug Abuse Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
2- Professor of Community Medicine, Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Cardiovascular Diseases Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
3- Medical Student, School of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical sciences, Iran. , niloofarhamidi4@yahoo.com
4- Medical Student, School of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical sciences, Iran.
5- Pediatrician, Pediatrics Department, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
Abstract:   (610 Views)
Background: Phenylketonuria is a metabolic disorder resulting from a defect in phenylalanine metabolism with a global prevalence of 1 in 10000. Delayed initiation of dietary modification leads to brain injury and cognitive and behavioral problems. The main objective of this study was to assess the demographic and social factors affecting metabolic control of patients having phenylketonuria in Southern Khorasan Province.
Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive analytic study which was performed during summer 2019, 32 out of 37 known children and adolescents having phenylketonuria in Southern Khorasan Province were assessed. The age of patients, the gender of patients, parents` marital status, parents` occupational status, parents` educational level, the distance between home and phenylketonuria clinic, and the number of affected siblings having phenylketonuria were documented. We were not able to contact five patients having phenylketonuria in Southern Khorasan Province. Data were analyzed by SPSS 16 software using Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis test. The significance level was considered as p <0.05.
Results: 32 patients with a mean age of 6.6±4.7 years were enrolled in this study. 23 of them were male (71.9%) and 9 patients were females (28.1%). The mean phenylalanine level in this study group was 8.1±5.2 mg/dl. The disease was optimally controlled in 14 patients (43.3%) and poorly controlled in 18 of them (56.3%). There was not any statistically significant relation between the metabolic control of the disease and any of the assessed social and demographic factors.
Conclusion: The disease was properly controlled in 43.3% of the assessed population, and 56.3% had poor metabolic control. There was not any statistically significant relation between the metabolic control of patients having phenylketonuria in Southern Khorasan Province and assessed demographic and social. As the number of known cases in South Khorasan province is limited, small sample size could be one of the main limitations of our study.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Endocrinology
Received: 2021/08/23 | Accepted: 2022/01/2

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