Volume 10, Issue 2 (4-2022)                   J. Pediatr. Rev 2022, 10(2): 129-130 | Back to browse issues page

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Toghyani R, Hosseini M, Ali Mohammadzade K. A review study: Supportive care patterns in children with autism spectrum disorder. J. Pediatr. Rev 2022; 10 (2) :129-130
URL: http://jpr.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-433-en.html
1- Department of Health Services Management, School of Management, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran , rahelehtoghyani@yahoo.com
2- director of the Health and Medical services Management, members of the faculty of the Tehran Management College, the unit of the North
3- Assistant Professor and members of the faculty of the Tehran Management College, the Unit of the North
Abstract:   (1325 Views)
Background: The incidence of autism is increasing day to day and it has increased significantly in the last decade. There have been many studies on the treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in children. 
objectives: The  aim of this study was  to design  a treatment model for  children under  three years of age with  autism disorder  using  comprehensive look at the existing patterns.
Method: eight databases ,inculding Scopus, Science Direct, Medline, Google Scholar, Magiran, SID, Iranmedex, pubmed and Cochran databases were independently searched by two researchers MeSH and relevant  keywords regarding autism and children under 3 years . We included the studies published in different regions of Iran from 2010-2019 .diagnostic, screening and treatment intervention studies with focused on treatment patterns were reviewed. analyses guideline was used to design this study.

Results: A total of 46 articles were collected from which 16 diagnostic, screening and 22 treatment intervention and  18 articles were treatment model. The collected results were assessed in the intervention,. In general, treatment models  with emphasis on improvement social  interactions and communication were structured and  unstructured . some models was used  to specific age groups(adolescence and youth) , or all age groups. The oldest model was developed in 1980 and the newest pattern in 2015. Models with more flexibility also allow for continuous evaluation and improvement.
Conclusions: A review of articles shows that therapeutic models in which the active participation of parents, more interaction and freedom of action of the child are considered in the design, improve symptoms more. Models with more flexibility also allow for continuous evaluation and improvement. However, it is suggested that a standard treatment model be designed for children under the age of three that can be evaluated and can be upgraded.
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Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Neurology
Received: 2021/09/6 | Accepted: 2022/03/14 | Published: 2022/04/25

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