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1- Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology. Eye Research Center, Department of Eye, Amiralmomenin Hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran. , maryam.doyrandeesh.dl@gmail.com
2- Associate Professor of Ophthalmology. Eye Research Center, Department of Eye, Amiralmomenin Hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
Abstract:   (79 Views)
Context: The outbreak of the COVID-19 has had significant effects on human life worldwide. Various measures have been used by governments to contain the spread of the pandemic, including confinement policies that have changed children’s lifestyles. Children had to limit their outdoor activities and daily routine to indoor activities. Alternative learning systems, such as online and offline teaching using digital devices, have replaced traditional teaching methods. Therefore, children have to spend many hours in front of digital devices. These changes, as a natural side effect of the pandemic, may influence children’s ocular health who may not be able to complain of these problems as early as adults. This study aimed to review the literature regarding the effect of the covid-19 pandemic on children’s eye health including myopia and digital eye strain.
Evidence Acquisition: For this narrative review, a comprehensive literature search was performed on December 30, 2021, in Google Scholar, PubMed, and Scopus using the keywords “covid-19” or “lockdowns” or “children” or “ocular health” or “eye health” or “visual health” or “ocular complications” or “myopia” or “ myopia progression” or “digital eye strain” or “computer vision syndrome” or “quarantine” or “prevention”. A total of 22 studies eligible for review were identified.
Results: Studies performed during the COVID-19 pandemic have shown an increase in myopia prevalence, incidence, and progression in children, especially in young children. Strategies imposed by governments to control the spread of COVID-19 during confinement have led to dramatic changes in children’s lifestyles. These measures have compelled children to restrict outdoor activities and increase the near-work time (e.g., online e-learning), which contributes to the increase of digital eye strain and myopia progression.
Conclusion: Children’s eye health can be influenced by the COVID-19 outbreak. These can serve as a warning to policymakers, health professionals, teachers, parents, and children about the effects of pandemics such as COVID-19 on children’s visual health and the need to implement preventive and therapeutic measures.
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Type of Study: Narrative Review | Subject: Ophthalmology
Received: 2022/03/27 | Accepted: 2022/05/30

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