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1- Ghaemshahr Islamic Azad University, Ghaemshahr, Iran
2- Chalous Islamic Azad University, Chalous, Iran ,
3- Non-Communicable Pediatric Disease Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
4- The Clinical Research Development Unit of Amirkola Children's Hospital, Student Research Committee, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
Abstract:   (74 Views)
Background: The World Health Organization (WHO), as the international authority on public health and water quality, directs and monitors global efforts to prevent the transmission of waterborne diseases and advises governments on the development of health-based goals and regulations.
Objectives: The aim of this review study was to investigate methods of management include control, prevention and treatment the gastrointestinal (GI) diseases in children in the Middle East caused by contaminated water through the WHO.
Methods: For this purpose, the databases Scopus, Google scholar, PubMed, SID, Irandoc, and up-to-date were searched without time limitation. Keywords included contaminated water, pediatric, GI diseases, and WHO. The full text of various articles in Persian and English was used for this study. After removing duplicate articles and articles that did not fit the topic of the study, 54 articles were finally selected.
Results: Based on the findings of this study, the World Health Organization has reported that diarrhea, polio, hepatitis A and cholera are the most common gastrointestinal infectious diseases caused by contaminated water in children in the Middle East. The present reports of waterborne disease represent only a small proportion of the total number of cases of this disease in the population. In some areas, it has been shown that investments in water and wastewater supply by the responsible institutions can provide a net economic gain by reducing negative health impacts and health care costs.
Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that most of the diseases caused by contaminated water affect children, due to low ability to observe personal hygiene and the state of the child's immune system, which often leads to the death of children. The inadequate diagnosis and prevalence of these diseases in some Middle Eastern countries, followed by the lack of attention to prevention and control of waterborne diseases, threatens the health policies of these countries. International organizations, especially the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund, play a very important role in addressing and controlling this problem.
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Type of Study: Narrative Review | Subject: Pediatric Gastroenterology
Received: 2022/11/7 | Accepted: 2023/01/3

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