Volume 11, Issue 3 (7-2023)                   J. Pediatr. Rev 2023, 11(3): 261-266 | Back to browse issues page

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Pasha H, Yahyaei Shahandashti A, Haghshenas F, Bahari Bandari A. Aplasia Cutis Congenita in a Newborn of Diabetic Mother: A Case Report and Review of Literature. J. Pediatr. Rev 2023; 11 (3) :261-266
URL: http://jpr.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-522-en.html
1- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
2- Neonate Department of Imam Ali (AS), Mzandaran University of Medical Sciences, Amol, Iran. , arysh1970@yahoo.com
3- Neonate Department of Imam Ali (AS), Mzandaran University of Medical Sciences, Amol, Iran.
Abstract:   (963 Views)
Background: Aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) is a rare condition regarded as a congenital absence of the epidermis, dermis, and in some cases, subcutaneous tissues in the newborn. The pathogenic mechanism is unclear, although the condition has been described as a result of the disrupted development or degeneration of skin in utero. ACC may be observed with fetus papyraceous (FP).
Case Presentation: We report a case of an 8-hour-old newborn female with bilateral symmetrically distributed, stellate type of truncal ACC at birth. She was the survivor twin as the other fetus died at 13wk+3d gestation. This condition describes ACC with FP. Physical examination showed otherwise normal and managed with no other congenital abnormalities. The newborn was treated with antibacterial ointment and antibiotics, and lesions resolved spontaneously within 5 days, leaving scars.
Conclusions: This report explained a newborn with type V cutis aplasia congentia in whom the detection was approved based on the revision of antenatal history and clinical features. The protocol outcome revealed that the topical and systemic antibiotic and washing with normal saline could be an effective treatment for the healing of ACC lesions. Follow-up after 3 months indicated that the skin lesion completely healed, leaving a very small atrophic scar, and no further lesion management was required. 
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Type of Study: Case & Review | Subject: Dermatology
Received: 2023/03/20 | Accepted: 2023/06/14 | Published: 2023/07/1

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